1、Questions are based on the following passage.

  One principle of taxation, called the benefits principle, states that people should pay taxes based on the benefits they receive from government services.This principle tries to make public goods similar to 36 goods.It seems reasonable that a person who often goes to the movies pays more in 37 for movie tickets than a person who rarely goes.And 38 , a person who gets great benefit from a public good should pay more for it than a person who gets little benefit.

  The gasoline tax, for instance, is sometimes 39 using the benefits principle. In some states, 40 from the gasoline tax are used to build and maintain roads.Because those who buy gasoline are the same people who use the roads, the gasoline tax might be viewed as a 41 way to pay for this government service.

  The benefits principle can also be used to argue that wealthy citizens should pay higher taxes than poorer ones, 42 because the wealthy benefit more from public services.Consider, for example, the benefits of police protection from 43 .Citizens with much to protect get greater benefit from police than those with less to protect. Therefore, according to the benefits principle, the wealthy should 44 more than the poor to the cost of 45 the police force.The same argument can be used for many other public services, such as fire protection, national defense, and the court system.


















  A.Cats and humans are similar creatures.

  B.Cat naps can get rid of tiredness.

  C.Cat naps can make people's moods better.

  D.Cat napping is a way to build up body's energy.

  3、Questions are based on the following passage.

  Fire, scientists agree, helped give rise to a successful, thriving human population by providing heatfor cooking and protection from the cold.

  But they don't agree36 __ when humans began using fire. Some researchers argue that it 37 __ more than a million years ago when early humans made their way to Europe from Africa, and others say it happened much later. Now, a new study argues that humans did not 38 __ fire until about 400,000 years ago.

  Two archaeologists in the US report their39 __ in the current issue of the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The pair looked at excavation (发掘 ) reports and studies from 141 sites in Europe that were between 1.2 million and 35,000 years old. They think there is no clear evidence of 40 __ fire use until about 400,000 years ago. In Africa, while there are several sites where there was evidence of fire, those may have been41 __ fires that occurred in the African grassland.

  Yet there are sites older than 400,000 years in Europe that indicate the42 __ of humans, with the oldest, in Spain, more than a million years old. This means that despite Europe's extreme winter climates, early humans found a way to 43 __ without the warmth of a fire. As the researchers mention, early humans are adaptable and persistent. But some researchers maintain that it is still a puzzling explanation and it still44 __ some serious thinking about how early the human being could have survived on a seasonally variable food45 __ despite having small teeth and small guts. Up to now, none has solved this problem yet.

  A. acquire

  B. authentic

  C. demands

  D. exactly

  E. eventually

  F. findings

  G. habitual

  H. investigations

  I. master

  J. natural

  K. occurred

  L. presence

  M. skillful

  N. supply

  O. survive



  Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  A.By train and by car.

  B.By plane and by coach.

  C.By train and by bus.

  D.By bus and by plane.


  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.


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