Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the following question.You should w~te at least 120 words but No more than 180 words.

  作文题目:Suppose a foreign friend of yours is coming to visit your hometown, what is the most interestingplace you would like to take him/her to see and why?

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2with a single line through the centre.

  Questions 57-66 are based on the following passage.

  When young women were found to make only 82 percent of what their male peers do just one year

  out of college, many were at a loss to explain it.

  All the traditional reasons put forward to interpret the pay gap--that women fall behind when theyleave the workforce to raise kids, for example, or that they don't seek as many management rolesfailed to justify this one. These young women didn't have kids yet. And because they were just one yearremoved from their undergraduate degrees, few of these women yet had the chance to go after (muchless decline) leadership roles.

  But there are other reasons why the pay gap remains so persistent. The first is that no matter howmany women may be getting college degrees, the university experience is still an unequal one. Thesecondis that our higher education system is not designed to focus on the economic consequences ofour students' years on campus.

  Now that women are the majority of college students and surpass men in both the number ofundergraduate and advanced degrees awarded, one might think the college campus m a pretty equalplace. It is not. Studies show that while girls do better than boys in high school, they start to trail offduring t~eir college years. They enroll in different kinds of classes, tend to major in less rigorous (非常) subjects, and generally head off with less ambitious plans.

  As a result, it's not surprising that even the best educated young women enter the workplace with aslight disadvantage. Their college experience leaves them somewhat confused, still stumbling(栽倒) overthe dilemmas their grandmothers' generation sought to destroy. Are they supposed to be pretty or smart?Strong or sexy (性感的)? All their lives, today's young women have been pushed to embrace bothperfection and   passionto pursue science and sports, math and theater--and do it all as well as theypossibly can No wonder they are not negotiating for higher salaries as soon as they get out of s~hool.They are too exhausted, and too scared of failing.

  57、Traditionally, it is believed that women earn less than men because

  A. they have failed to take as many rigorous courses

  B. they do not feel as fit for management roles

  C. they feel obliged to take care of their kids at home

  D.they do not exhibit the needed leadership qualifies

  58、 What does the author say about America's higher education system?

  A. It does not offer specific career counseling to women.

  B. It does not consider its economic impact on graduates.

  C.It does not take care. of women students' special needs.

  D.It does not encourage women to take rigorous subjects.

  59、 What does the author say about, today's college experience?

  A. It is different for male and female students.

  B. It is not the same. as that of earlier generations.

  C.It is more exhausting than most women expect.

  D.It is not so satisfying to many American students.

  60、 What does the author say about women students in college?

  A. They have no idea how to bring out their best.

  B. They drop a course when they find it too rigorous.

  C. They are not as practical as men in choosing courses.

  D.They don't perform as well as they did in high school.

  61、 How does the author explain the pay gap between men and women fresh from college?

  A. Women are too worn out to be ambitious.

  B. Women are not ready to take management roles.

  C. Women are caught between career and family.

  D. Women are not good at negotiating salaries.

  Questions 62-66are based on the following passage.

  Reading leadership literature, you'd sometimes think that everyone has the potential to be an

  effective leader.

  I don't believe that to be true. In fact, I see way fewer truly effective leaders than I see peoplestuck in positions of leadership who are sadly incompetent and seriously misguided about their ownabilities.

  Part of the reason this happens is a lack of honest selfiassessment by those who aspire to (追求)leadership in the first place.


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