Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)
Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. ?
If, at the end of a conversation somebody says to me, “as soon as I know, I’ll ring you up”, he is talking too much for granted. He is proposing to attempt the
impossible. So I have to say, “I’m afraid you can’t. You see. I’m not on the telephone. I just haven’t got a telephone.”?
Why don’t you have a telephone? Not because I pretend to cet4v.com as unusual. There are two chief reasons: because I don’t really like the telephone I find I can still work and play, eat, breathe and sleep without it. Why don’t I like the telephone? Because I think it is a pest and a time-waster. It may create unnecessary suspense and anxiety, as when you wait for an expected call that doesn’t come; or irritating delay, as when you keep ringing a number that is always
engaged. As for speaking in a public telephone box, which seems to me really horrible. You would not use it unless you were in a hurry, and because you are in a
hurry you will find other people waiting before you. When you do get into the box, you are half asphyxiated by stale, unventilated air, flavored with cheap face
-powder and chain-smoking; and by the time you have begun your conversation your
back is chilled by the cold look of somebody who is fidgeting to take your place.?If you have a telephone in your own house, you will admit that it tends to ring
when you least want it to ring; when you are asleep, or in the middle of a meal or a conversation, or when you are just going out, or when you are in your bath.
Are you strong-minded enough to ignore it, to say to yourself, “Ah, well, it will all be the same in a hundred years’ time.You are not. You think there may be some important news or message for you. Have you never rushed dripping from the bath, or chewing from the table, or dazed from the bed, only to be told that you are a wrong number?
Suppose you ignore the telephone when it rings, and suppose that, for once, somebody has an important message for you. I can assure you that if a message is really important it will reach you sooner or later. Think of the proverb: “ill news travels apace.” I must say good news seems to travel just as fast. And think of the saying: “the truth will out.” It will.
21. The write does not like telephone in a public telephone box, because____.
A) unventilated air
B) it is far from his home
C) it is not convenient
D) he must pay for it
22. In the third paragraph, “it will all be the same in a hundred years’
time’ means ____.
A) the phone has been the same thing for many years
B) everything will remain the same thing whether I answer the phone or not
C) the phone will not be changed in a hundred years
D) the phone will not be changed for many years
23. What does “the truth will out” mean in the last sentence?
A) The truth will become publicly.
B) The truth will be truth.
C) The truth will disappear.
D) The truth will be hidden.
24. Which of the following in the main idea of the passage?A) It is not necessary to have a telephone because ill news travels just as fast as good news
B) The writer states his reasons for not having a telephone
C) The writer does not like the telephone at all.
D) People can live a normal life without a telephone.
25. What kind of person do you think the writer is?
A) Eccentric. B) Modern.
C) Realistic. D) Idealistic.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage. ?
Spending time in a bookshop can be most enjoyable, whether you are a book-lover or merely go there to buy a book as a present. You may even have entered the shop just to find shelter from a sudden shower. Whatever the reason, you can soon become totally unaware of your surroundings. The desire to pick up a cet4v.com attractive dust-jacket is irresistible, although this method of selection ought not to be followed, as you might end up with a rather dull book. You soon become engrossed in some book or other, and usually it is only much later that you realize you have spend too much time there and must dash off to keep some forgotten appointment-without buying a book, of course.?This opportunity to escape the realities of everyday life is, I think, the main attraction of a bookshop. There are not many places where it is possible to do this. A music shop is very much like a bookshop. You can wander round such placesto your heart’s content. If it is a good shop, no assistant will approach you with the inevitable greeting: “can I help you, sir?” You needn’t buy anything you don’t want. In a bookshop an assistant should remain in the background until you have finished browsing. Then, and only then, are his services necessary. Of course, you may want to find out where a particular section is, but when he has led you there, the assistant should retire discreetly and look as if he is not interested in selling a single book.?
You have to be careful not to be attracted by the variety of books in a bookshop. It is very easy to enter the shop looking for a book on, say, ancient coins and to come out carrying a copy of the latest best-selling novel and perhaps a book about brass-rubbing-something which had only vaguely interested you up till then. This volume on the subject, however, happened to be so well illustrated and the part of the text you read proved so interesting, that you just had to buy it. This sort of thing can be very dangerous. Apart from running up a huge account, you can waste a great deal of time wandering from section to section.?
Book-seller must be both long-suffering and indulgent. There is a story which well illustrates this. A medical student had to read a text-book which was far too expensive for him to buy. He couldn’t obtain it from the library and the only copy he could find was in his bookshop. cet4v.com, therefore, he would go a long to the shop and read a little of the book at a time. One day, however, he was dismayed to find the book missing from its usual place and was about to leave when he noticed the owner of the shop beckoning to him. Expecting to be told off, he went towards him. To his surprise, the owner pointed to the book, which was tucked away in a corner, “I put it there in case anyone was tempted to buy it,” he said, and left the delighted student to continue his reading.
26. Spending time in a bookshop____.
A) can be very much enjoy
B) can be very pleasant
C) can be pleasure-giving
D) can give you the greatest pleasure
27. When you enter the bookshop to find a book, you will ____.
A) become completely absorbed in the books without realizing where you are.
B) become completely lost without any knowledge of your whereabouts.
C) become completely unconscious in the bookshop.
D) lose any sense of direction as to where you are.
28. How should book sellers do?
A) He should be both suffer for a long time and satisfy customers’ wishes.
B) He should be both endure and indulge for a long time.
C) He should be both tender and lenient.
D) He should be both patient and kind.
29.Why did the owner of the shop put the book in a corner?A) He put it there in case anyone was persuaded to buy it
B) He put it there in case anyone was inclined to buy it.
C) He put it there in case anyone was attracted to buy it.D) He put it there in case anyone was fascinated to buy it.
30.How should an assistant do in a good shop?
A) Help you to choose a book.
B) Approach you with the inevitable greeting.
C) Keep himself staying until you have finished glancing.
D) Show his great interest in selling book.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage. ?
In a world that is becoming more and more interdependent, there is an ever-increasing need to link communications systems on various continents and to provide live international television coverage. This need is now being met by the communications satellites.?
Communications satellites make use of technology that has been available for some time: the microwave radio relay. Microwave, which have a higher frequency than
ordinary radio waves, are used routinely in sending thousands of telephone calls and television programs across long distances. They give high-quality performance, and they can carry many messages at the same time.?
But they has always been one problem in using radio relay in overseas communications. Although high-frequency waves can travel almost unlimited distances, they
travel only in straight lines. Since the curvature of the earth limits a microwave’s line-of-sight path to about 30 miles, good cet4v.com a series of relay towers spaced every 30 miles or so. Obviously it isn’t possible to built these towers across the ocean. But by sending signals high up into the sky and then bouncing them back again to a far-off spot, we can send microwave messages long distances.?
As long ago as 1945, Arthur C. Clarke, an English science-fiction writer, proposed that manned “stationary” satellites be used to relay and broadcast electromagnetic communication signals. In 1945, of course, the idea of getting a satellite out into space seemed fantastic. But with ten years, satellites were close to reality. With the first launching of a satellite into orbit by the Soviet Union (Sputnik I) in 1957, the real development work on satellite communications began.
Shortly thereafter, two successful satellites were launched in the United States, Echo I and Telstar I.?
The launching of the Telstar I satellite in 1962 marked a major step toward opening the era of commercial satellite communications. Echo I, a ten-story aluminum-coated balloon, was a “passive” target; it merely reflected weak signals back to the earth. But Telstar I was the first “active” satellite to pick up a broadband signal, amplify it, and transmit it back to the earth on a different frequency. The satellite’s transmission of transatlantic television thrilled millions.?
A few months after Telstar I went into orbit, Relay, a medium-altitude satellite launched by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), provided
the first satellite communication between North and South America. Relay was followed by the Telstar II satellite, and by NASA’s Syncom series and its successors——all of them high-altitude (23,000 miles) satellites whose orbits are synchronous with the rotation of the earth so that this positions, if they could be seen from the earth, would appear to be fixed in one spot.?
Shortly before Telstar I was launched, the United States Congress established the Communications Satellite Corporation——Comsat——to develop a commercial satellite system as part of an improved global communications network. Comsat, which is owned partly by public investors and partly by communications carriers, represents the United States in the International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium-Intelsat-and acts as manager for that body. Since its inception in 1962, the corporation, in collaboration with Intelsat, has inaugurated commercial satellite transmission of telephone, television, and other telecommunications traffic between North America and Europe and North America and the Far East.?
The commercial satellite Intelsat IV was launched in June of 1972.This one-and-one-half-ton spacecraft multiplied by five times the space-borne relaying capacity linking Africa, Europe, Asia, and Australia. With the launching of Intelsat IV, full global coverage by communications satellites had at last been achieved.
31. The first paragraph indicates ____.
A) communications systems is becoming more and more independent
B) link communications systems on various continents
C) the need to link communications systems on various is ever-increasing
D) this need is now being met by the communications satellites
32.The maximum distance for high-frequency and straight line microwave tr
ansmission is ____ miles.
A) much more than 30
B) less than30
D) about 30
33.The phrase “marked a major step”(Line 1,Para. 5) most probably means____.
A) got significant step
B) was an important advance
C) made a progress
D) marked in the history
34.What is the author trying to tell us in the second paragraph?
A) Microwave radio relay.
B) Microwave itself.
C) Microwave’s transmission.
D) Microwave’s value.
35. In paragraph 6, “...whose orbits are synchronous with the rotation of the earth so that this positions,...” means ____.
A) satellites are orbited in the same time with the rotation of the earth
B) that moves as fast as the earth the earth turns round
C) that travels in the same direction with the earth turns round
D) that travels faster than the earth turns
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage. ?
Americans believe no one stands still. If you are not moving ahead, you are falling behind. This attitude results in a nation of people committed to researching
, experimenting and exploring. Time is one of the two elements that Americans save carefully, the other being labor.?
“We are slaves to nothing but the clock,” it has been said. Time is treated as if it were something almost tangible. We budget it, save it, waste it, steal it,
kill it, cut it, account for it; we also charge for it. It is a precious commodity. Many people have a rather acute cet4v.com shortness of each lifetime. Once the sands have run out of a person’s hourglass, they cannot be replaced. We want every minute to count.?
A foreigner’s first impression of the U. S. is likely to be that everyone is in
a rush-often under pressure. City people appear always to be hurry to get where they are going, restlessly seeking attention in a store, elbowing others as t
hey try to complete their errands. Racing through daytime meals is part of the pace of life in this country. Working time is considered precious. Others in public eating places are waiting for you to finish so they too can be served and get back to work within the time allowed. Each person hurries to make room for the next person. If you don’t, waiter will hurry you. ?
You also find drivers will be abrupt and that people will push past you. You will miss smiles, brief conversations, small courtesies with strangers. Don’t take
it personally. This is because people value time highly, and they resent someone else “wasting” it beyond a certain courtesy point. ?
This view of time affects the importance we attach to patience. In the American system of values, patience is not a high priority. Many of us have what might be
called “a short fuse.” We begin to move restlessly about if we feel time is slipping away without some return-be this in terms of pleasure, work value, or rest. Those coming from lands where time is looked upon differently may find this matter of pace to be one of their most difficult adjustments in both business and day life.?
Many newcomers to the States will miss the opening courtesies of a business call, for example. They will miss the ritual socializing that goes with a welcoming
cup of tea or coffee that may be traditional in their own country. They may miss leisurely business chats in a café or coffee house. Normally, Americans do not assess their visitors in such relaxed surroundings over prolonged small talk; much less do they take them out for dinner, or around on the golf course while they develop a sense of trust and report. Rapport to most of us is less important
than performance. We seek out evidence of past performance rather than evaluate a business colleague through social courtesies. Since we generally assess and probe professionally rather than socially, we start talking business very quickly.
?Most Americans live according to time segments laid out in engagement calendars.
We often give a person two or three ( or more) segments of our calendar, but in business world we almost always have other appointments following hard on the heels of whatever we are doing. Time is therefore always ticking in our inner ear.?
As a result we work hard at the task of saving time. We produce a steady flow of labor-saving devices; we communicate rapidly through telexes phone calls or memos rather than through personal contacts, which though pleasant, take longer-especially given our traffic-filled streets. We therefore save most personal visiting for after work hours or for social weekend gatherings.
36.“If you are not moving ahead, you are falling behind.”(Para.1,Line1)
A) if you are moving, you are falling down
B) you would fall behind if you move ahead
C) you are moving ahead or you are falling behind
D) you are not moving, you are disappear
37. The second paragraph implies____.
A) everyone’s life has his regrets
B) everybody has his defaults
C) lifetime is not long for everyone
D) lifetime is full of pities
38. In the American system of value, patience is not a high priority indicates ____.
A) patience is very important
B) patience is high valuable
C) patience is not of value
D) patience is ranked after others
39. “We begin to move restlessly about if we feel time is slipping away without
some return...”, this sentence reflects Americans’ attitude to life ____.
A) is not patient enough
B) gets angry easily
C) saves times
D) values time
40. Is the article to ____?
A) narrate B) tell story
C) inform D) argue